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Wet AMD: 20 Home Modifications for People With Vision Loss

Wet AMD, a progressive eye condition affecting the macula, can lead to central vision loss, impacting daily life activities. Adapting your home to cater to your changing needs is pivotal for maintaining a high quality of life.

Optimizing Lighting

Creating Bright Zones

Designating well-lit areas in each room helps enhance visibility and minimizes shadows, making it easier to perform tasks.

Task Lighting Installation

Strategic placement of task lighting, such as adjustable desk lamps, provides focused illumination for reading, cooking, and other activities.

Natural Light Utilization

Maximizing natural light through larger windows and light-colored interiors can significantly improve visibility during the day.

Contrast Enhancement

Color Contrast in Rooms

Using contrasting colors between walls, furniture, and floors helps individuals with Wet AMD differentiate spaces more easily.

High-Contrast Labels

Applying high-contrast labels on frequently used items like medication bottles and remote controls assists in quickly identifying them.

High-Contrast Stair Markings

Adding high-contrast strips to stair edges aids in navigating stairs safely.

Decluttering and Organization

Streamlined Furniture Layout

Arranging furniture to create clear pathways prevents obstacles and makes navigation smoother.

Tactile Markers for Items

Attach tactile markers or textures to objects like light switches and thermostats for easy identification.

Organizational Systems

Implementing organized storage systems, such as labeled containers, simplifies finding items.

Adaptable Furniture

Raised Seating Surfaces

Furniture with raised seating helps individuals with Wet AMD get up and sit down more comfortably.

Adjustable Shelving

Shelving that can be adjusted to different heights allows for easy access to items without straining.

Large Button Remote Controls

Large-button remote controls with high-contrast buttons make operating devices like the TV and sound system simpler.

Safe Navigation

Handrails and Grab Bars

Installing handrails and grab bars along hallways, staircases, and in bathrooms enhances stability.

Non-Slip Flooring

Opting for non-slip flooring materials reduces the risk of slips and falls.

Clear Pathways

Maintaining clear pathways by removing unnecessary obstacles ensures safe movement.

Accessible Kitchen

Marked Appliance Controls

Using tactile markers or high-contrast tape to mark appliance controls aids in adjusting settings accurately.

Tactile Cooking Aids

Utilizing tactile measuring tools and kitchen gadgets with distinct textures simplifies cooking tasks.

Oven and Stove Modifications

Marking temperature settings and using stove guards minimizes burn risks.

Bathroom Modifications

Walk-In Shower Installation

Replacing traditional showers with walk-in models improves accessibility.

Raised Toilet Seats

Raised toilet seats reduce the need for excessive bending and make toilet use more comfortable.

Contrasting Bathroom Fixtures

Installing fixtures with high color contrast makes them easier to locate.

Assistive Technology Integration

Voice-Controlled Devices

Voice-activated devices like smart speakers help control various functions without needing to touch them.

Smart Home Systems

Smart home technology enables remote control of lights, appliances, and security features.

Magnification Apps

Using mobile apps for magnification helps in reading small print.

Braille and Tactile Signage

Room Identification

Braille and tactile signage outside rooms assist individuals in locating specific areas.

Landmark Markers

Tactile markers placed near key landmarks provide orientation cues.

Security and Safety

Doorbell Cameras

Doorbell cameras allow visual verification of visitors without opening the door.

Motion Sensor Lighting

Motion-activated lights illuminate pathways when motion is detected.

Bedroom Comfort

Bedside Lighting

Installing bedside lighting with touch controls provides easy access to light during the night.

Remote-Controlled Blinds

Automated blinds controlled by a remote enhance privacy and light control.

Outdoor Adaptations

Textured Pathways

Textured walkways help in guiding individuals and alerting them to changes in terrain.

Outdoor Handrails

Installing handrails in outdoor spaces like gardens and entranceways enhances stability.

Professional Assistance

Occupational Therapist Consultation

Consulting an occupational therapist can offer personalized advice on home modifications.

Low Vision Specialist Visit

Regular visits to a low vision specialist help monitor eye health and receive guidance on adapting to vision loss.


Adapting your living environment is a crucial step in maintaining independence and enhancing the quality of life for individuals with Wet AMD. By implementing these 20 home modifications, you can create a comfortable and safe living space that supports your evolving needs.

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